What Is Laser Dentistry?

Laser dentistry is very similar to other forms of precision laser surgery. All lasers focus light amplified by radiation until it can cut or vaporize tissue. It’s minimally invasive, making it ideal for gum surgery and cavity treatment. Although, laser dentistry can also be used for a variety of cosmetic treatments including teeth whitening and gum reshaping. Overall, it offers a more comfortable treatment option when compared to drills and other tools. However, sometimes traditional drills are still required, especially with certain types of filling. The two primary types of procedures laser dentistry is used for are hard tissue and soft tissue.

Hard Tissue

Hard tissue refers to your teeth. Laser dentistry can handle several different procedures such as:

  • Cavity detection
  • Tooth preparation
  • Dental fillings
  • Teeth whitening
  • Treating teeth sensitivity
  • Tooth decay

Soft Tissue

Soft tissue refers to your gums. Some soft tissue procedures include:

  • Gum reshaping
  • Crown lengthening
  • Frenectomy (Tongue attachment)
  • Removing soft tissue folds
  • Treating cold sores
  • Treating sleep apnea
  • Removing benign tumors

Laser dentistry can be more efficient, cost effective, and comfortable in a variety of ways. Because of the nature of lasers any incision is sterilized, greatly lowering the risk of infection. Additionally, many procedures require little to no anesthesia. Bleeding is also minimized, as the laser promotes coagulation and in many cases sutures aren’t even necessary. Furthermore, soft tissue lasers can reduce pain by sealing nerve endings and blood vessels.